Gum disease is a common issue but requires urgent medical attention
Looking after your teeth is vital for overall well-being and visiting your dentist in Nottingham on a regular basis will help you make sure that your oral hygiene routine is effective and that your teeth are clean and that your gums are healthy. Without a good oral hygiene routine and regular visits with your dentist you are at risk of acquiring gum disease. Gum disease is a commonly faced issue which affects the majority of adults at some point in their life however it is not to be taken lightly and it is a major cause of tooth loss and therefore it is important that it is treated before it is too late. Gum disease can be localised in a specific area which is easier to treat or sometimes it may require more comprehensive treatment where it has spread throughout your mouth. Gum disease is asymptomatic so unless you are visiting the dentist on a regular basis it is something that you may not notice until it has become severe, has spread throughout your mouth and caused detrimental effects to your teeth and gums.
The role of plaque and tartar in gum disease
Visiting your dentist at least every six months is important in making sure that your gums are free of disease. The appointment will include a full examination of your teeth and gums and your dentist is aware of the tell-tale signs of gum disease and will therefore be able to to treat it and prevent further complications before the issue is able to fully present itself. Your dentist will recommend an appointment with your hygienist where they will be able to professionally clean your teeth to the highest standard known as a scale and polish which will help remove any plaque and tartar which may be building up in those hard to reach areas of your teeth and gums. Tartar cannot be removed manually using a toothbrush at home and therefore unless you are visiting your dentist and hygienist regularly this will continue to build up on your teeth and result in other issues also such as cavities and tooth decay.
Gingivitis and periodontitis
Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums which is also known as gingivitis and this occurs as a result of many different factors. The main cause of gum disease is the buildup of bacteria and plaque around your teeth and underneath the gums. This can result in bleeding when brushing your teeth. This is a sign that you must not ignore. Other symptoms of gum disease include swelling of your gums, redness and bad breath. If your gums are bleeding then you must speak to your dentist to prevent further issues and complications which if left untreated will eventually result in tooth loss. When gingivitis is left untreated it results in a condition known as periodontitis. This is when the bacterial invasion of your teeth and gums becomes so severe that it reaches the bone that holds your tooth in place and will inevitably result in tooth loss. Gum disease can detrimentally affect the quality of your life, therefore speak to your dentist as soon as possible if you are affected in any way.