The 4 Most Common Nervous System Diseases

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The human nervous system is a highly specialized and complex structure. It controls various bodily functions. The functions include speech, hearing, taste, smell, limb movement, all of which connect us to the external environment. The anatomical structure consists of the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and nerves. When something goes wrong with the functioning of the nervous system, it leads to neurological disorders.

Millions of people suffer from such disorders, only to realize late. If you can understand the symptoms of nervous system disorders early on, you can get immediate medical attention. Today, you will learn about the most common neurological diseases that can be treated with prompt action.

Epilepsy

It is a pervasive neurological disorder that many people silently suffer from. It involves abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Therefore, you will often experience recurrent shocks and seizures.

Sometimes, seizures also occur due to electrolyte imbalance and high blood sugar. You should not confuse the symptoms of Epilepsy with these. The epilepsy symptoms and seizures vary in occurrence, depending on the part of the brain where they arise.

If you experience repeated seizures, you should see a doctor with all the medical parameters reading normal. Your doctor or primary healthcare provider can provide you with the proper diagnosis and treatment. It can also involve brain surgery in some instances.

Dementia

It not only points towards one cause or symptom as there are multiple causes of this disease. It collectively affects memory thinking abilities, as well as social skills. Just having memory loss does not point towards dementia. You can recognize it with other common symptoms like difficulty recalling something, slurred speech, confusion, anxiety, and hallucinations. Alzheimer’s disease has similar symptoms, and only a doctor will be able to guide you on this.

Dementia affects the nervous system and the digestive and excretory systems. Brain damage occurs when you consume copious quantities of alcohol daily. With high alcohol consumption being one of the primary causes of dementia, it’s best to go for an alcohol detox program. It considerably reduces your risk of contracting this disease.

It needs a lot of willpower to affect the new routine for the first few weeks. But it’s essential to endure the process since the prolonged intake of alcohol can reduce the brain’s white matter. It can hamper how the brain functions.

Loss of vitamins like thiamine also contributes to dementia. Doctors often counsel the patient or advise vitamin supplements to alleviate the issue. The patient should make amends to his lifestyle to live a life free from memory loss issues. The significant symptoms can be treated at rehabilitation centers. They do have high success rates, too.

Stroke

A large number of Americans succumb to stroke annually. You can stop a stroke from occurring and reaching massive proportions if you identify the symptoms early on. It usually involves a lack of blood flow to the brain. Blocked and clogged arteries are often to be blamed. Secondly, leaking blood vessels also causes a stroke. Time is a huge factor in the primary healthcare of a stroke patient, and you ought to recognize the symptoms based on the B.E. F.A.S.T. model. Balancing difficulties, eyesight changes, facial weakness, arm weakness, speech, and time are essential factors determining a stroke.

You must lead a healthy life and refrain from eating fast food and taking intoxicants to stay neurologically healthy. If you have high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, or smoking habit, you are likely to suffer a heat stroke. If you experience any of the above-stated symptoms, you must head to a doctor. Doctors often prescribe anticoagulants and anti-platelet medication to control the disease in the initial stages.

Parkinson’s Disease

It is a progressive neurological disease. It primarily affects coordination functions. It becomes more evident as you age. Nearly a million Americans have Parkinson’s today. The genes and the environment play a significant role in triggering the disease. Toxins in the environment can also lead to this mental ailment. If you notice tremors in the body, slurry speech, rigidity in limbs, and problems in balancing, it can be due to Parkinson’s.

In this disease, the brain cell’s ability to produce dopamine is severely affected. They are neurotransmitters that send messages from one part of the brain to another. Age is a risk factor as well. Some fertilizers also affect the onset of this disease. It is impossible to prevent these diseases, as the causes are still unclear. However, daily exercise, good eating habits, and taking the best diet can delay it. You cannot cure it entirely, but medication can manage the symptoms.

These are a few neurological diseases that people commonly suffer from. Now that you know the causes and symptoms, you can identify them and get the proper medical attention at the right time.

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